Pros & Cons about early spay & neuter of cats

 

We invite you to read what FRANNY SYUFY , Cat expert for About.com and an award winning member of Cat Writers’ Association, (CWA) wrote in her book:

“Although the concept of early spaying and neutering of both cats and dogs is not new, its use by veterinarians in the mid-20th century was limited because of a number of misconceptions:

  • That for some reason, it was better to let a female cat give birth to one litter of kittens before spaying.
  • That a female cat should not be neutered until after her first oestrus period.
  • That growth metabolism might be stunted as a result.
  • That the eventual urethral diameter might be constricted, particularly in male cats, causing eventual urinary tract problems.
  • That female cats, in particular, might later develop incontinence as a result.
  • That certain behavioral problems might result.

Most people should know by now that failure to spay & neuter is the number one cause of the pet population explosion. Indeed, female cats barely kittens themselves commonly give birth, and male cats as young as four months have been known to impregnate willing queens. Cat caregivers who wait the traditional six to eight months for the surgery are playing a game of Russian Roulette, and only serving to exacerbate the problem.

Humane Societies to the Forefront

Because of the exponentially increasing feline overpopulation problems, with humane societies and other shelters bearing the brunt of the consequences, these groups rose to the forefront in taking positive action.

People who run shelters know that the kittens they adopt out today can spawn descendants who will refill the shelters in short order. In the past, in an effort to prevent this, shelters have tried a number of tactics, from contracts (which run statistically to between 10% and 50% noncompliance), deposits for later spay/neutering (which are readily forfeited), and other equally non-productive incentives.

A number of shelters decided to stop relying on the adoptive “parents” and to guarantee spay/neutering of kittens by having it performed prior to adoption, either with veterinary staff or by cooperating veterinarians. In the twenty or so years of research that followed, in both the U.S. and Canada, shelter operators and veterinarians were able to dismiss the previous misconceptions one by one. It was found that in cats altered as early as six to twelve weeks, compared to cats neutered at six to twelve months, there was the:

  • Same metabolic rate
  • Same type of growth
  • Same urethral diameter at adulthood
  • Same behavioral patterns.

Notwithstanding the most obvious (and most critical) benefit, that of helping to diminish the population growth, certain side benefits of early spay and neuter accrued to the cats themselves, such as less traumatic surgery, quicker recovery, and fewer complications.

I viewed a video produced by the U.C.Davis School of Veterinary Medicine in conjunction with AVAR, on the benefits of early spay and neuter of cats.

This video was intended for veterinary use, to demonstrate the comparative ease of the technique with young kittens, as well as the collateral benefits. At the same time, I also viewed a video produced by the American Humane Association, in which surgeries (both spay and neuter) were shown in both young kittens and cats at the traditional appropriate ages.The criteria used for the suitability of kittens was a clear health check, at least two pounds in weight, and two descended testicles for male kittens.

The Surgery

In preparation for the surgery, because of kittens’ predisposition to hypoglycemia, they were not fasted as long as older cats prior to surgery, but actually were given a small meal. They were also well-swaddled in toweling and placed on a heated pad, because of the possibility for hypothermia. Other than those preparations, the surgeries were basically the same, including the kind of anesthetics used for inducement and maintenance.

There were two important differences, however:

  1. The surgeries went much quicker and with less trauma for the kittens because there were no extra layers of fat to cut through. For the same reason, closure was a relatively simple process of one stitch through the one-centimeter incision for the spay.
  2. Because of the delicate nature of the organs at that young age, gentle tissue handling was important.
Recovery

Kittens shed the anesthesia much quicker than the adult cats. In a video comparing neutering surgery at two different ages, fifteen minutes after the surgery the kitten was awake and starting to move around. The one year old cat was still out cold. Within an hour, the kittens were moving around, playing, and eating. They didn’t show the adult cat at an hour later, but from my recollections, my own cats were still pretty groggy when we brought them home several hours later.

Conclusion

The evidence seems clear that early spay and neuter is not only safe for the youngsters, but that the procedure produces less tissue trauma, is less stressful, provides a shorter recovery period, with a lower risk of complications. On the other hand, no working studies are available to support the appropriateness of waiting the traditional period.

The concept has been slow to enter into the mainstream of small animal practice. However the fact that it is being taught in more and more veterinary colleges, coupled with the endorsements of such august groups as the AVMA with 64,000 members; The Canadian Veterinary Medical Association, with over 8,000 members; The state veterinary associations in California, Nevada, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Oregon, and Wisconsin; and numerous humane societies, promises that new ground is being gained every day.

One fact is for certain: people who run shelters can attest that their NBA (Neuter Before Adoption) programs have contributed to increased morale in shelter workers.

That’s a real plus, in my book”

To be fair, there are another group of veterinarians still preferring to follow old school and here is what some of them they say:

“In my practice, I do not perform early age spays or neuters. I feel that I have the luxury of seeing owned cats, so can choose the best option of waiting until all females are 3.5 to 4 months old and have reached early puberty and waiting until males are 6 to 8 months old and have reached puberty before de-sexing. Waiting avoids the common disadvantages of behavior and skeletal drawbacks of early age surgeries. While we still don’t know if there are other disadvantages yet to be found, spaying and neutering makes happier and less stressed pets that are also better pets that are less likely to be surrendered to shelters “

Dr. Letrisa M Miller, Feline Veterinarian

 “For my part, I won’t hesitate to offer my clients the following bullet points by way of summarizing this fraught issue:

  • For as-yet-to-be-homed kittens whose forever homes might just look like someone’s porch (if they’re very lucky), I’m happy to spay and neuter them as early as eight weeks.
  • For kittens lucky enough to have a place to call home, I suggest my clients wait until the traditional age for spay and neuter (5-7 months).
  • For female shelter pups? I’d prefer to see a traditional-aged spay but I’d settle for prepubertal spays in communities that have been found to carry a high risk of reproductive non-compliance.”

Dr. Patty Khuly, VMD, MBA

You may want to conduct your own research before making a decision about early alternation of your kitten. From our side we promise to use only highly professional veterinarian service and guarantee a proper care for quick after surgery recovery.